Paralysis is a widely discussed medical condition that arises due to loss of sensation and functionality in muscles. This bodily defect arises because of the disruption in transmission of messages between brain and muscles. Paralysis can affect certain parts of the body or the whole body. It can cease motion of one side of the body or both. Paralysis of both the legs is called paraplegia and paralysis of all four limbs is called quadriplegia. Paralysis Attack usually affects the side of the body opposite to the side of the brain that has been damaged. One out of 50 people are diagnosed with paralysis.
Paralysis can take place in various forms and patterns. Paralysis attack occurs as a result of damage of nervous system tends to be long term and constant, while other paralysis like sleep paralysis occurs as a result of other factors. Many animals use toxins that cause paralysis to hunt or to capture their prey. People suffering from paralysis go through psychological distress. Mentally coping with paralysis, especially when it is sudden or unexpected, can be pretty hard. Firstly, affectees refuse to believe they would not be able to function normally as they used to do before the paralysis attack.
They may begin to express extreme anger at friends and family members to ease their frustration. With time, they may become extremely hopeless and come in terms with the thought that situation is incurable.In the end, some become comfortable with the idea of paralysis and mold their lifestyle according to their condition. Following are the factors that give rise to paralysis attack.
10. Spina Bifida
Spina Bifida refers to a condition that arises at the time of birth and affects brain and spinal cord development. One of its types is Myelomeningocele. This form of Spina Bifida damages nervous system to such an extent that it causes life-long paralysis of lower limbs. Other than paralysis attack, it can cause urinary incontinence and loss of sensation. People with spina bifida have normal intelligence, but have difficulties in concentration and learning. Spina Bifida can be cured if surgery of spine is done right after birth. It can also be cured through therapies like physiotherapy. Electronic aids can also help people suffering from Spina Bifida lead better lives.
9. Motor Neuron Disease
Motor neuron disease is a medical condition affects one’s nervous system to such an extent that the brain and spinal cord begin to malfunction. Motor neuron disease is not that common and no cure has been discovered. The main objective behind currently employed treatments is to make up for the loss of voluntary functions. A medicine rutile is being researched on that has shown a slight improvement in the condition. Motor neurons are responsible for controlling voluntary actions functions like walking. Motor neuron disease attacks these motor neurons, causing muscular weakness and ultimately, paralysis.
8. Lyme Disease
One of the factors behind paralysis attack can be Lyme disease in rare cases. Lyme disease is a bacterial disease that grows and spreads by infected by tiny creatures that resemble with spider in appearance. They get their food from the blood of humans, mammals and birds .If predicted beforehand, Lyme disease is treatable. In case of delayed treatment, there is a lesser chance of recovery. Lyme disease can cause inflammation and pain in joints of the body. It can also result in paralysis of facial area and memory loss.
Lyme disease can cause heart muscles to swell, leading to heart attack and heart failure. Lyme disease can cause protective layers around brain and spinal cord to swell. This can result in migraines, nausea and stiffness.
7. Guillain-Barre Syndrome
There is not much awareness among common people when it comes to Guillain-Barre Syndrome. Peripheral nervous system damage is the main cause behind this medical condition. When a person is attacked by Guillain-Barre Syndrome, his peripheral nervous system nerves are attacked by the immune system of the person. This causes swelling in the nerves of peripheral nervous system. Due to this damage, the affected person’s arms and legs become sensationless.
This condition eventually gives way to short-term paralysis of facial muscles and limbs. Fortunately, most people that confront this medical condition recover completely in a short while that can range from few weeks to months and do not face any side problems or after effects of the condition.
6. Cerebral Palsy
Cerebral palsy is a series of neurological conditions in children that affect brain and nervous system and subsequently affect body balance and coordination. Cerebral Palsy takes place due to head injury occurring before, during or right after birth. The most common causes of cerebral palsy include irregular brain development, premature or caesarian birth or infection in fetus. Its symptoms include muscle floppiness, muscle weakness, balance issues and uncontrolled body movements.
Unfortunately, no cure of central palsy has been discovered to date. A number of treatments, however, are present that can help in controlling cerebral palsy to some extent. Firstly, medicines are given to patients to reduce muscle stiffness. Other than that, physiotherapy and occupational therapy are also employed to control cerebral palsy. In extreme cases, surgery may be required.
5. Brain Tumor
Brain tumor that is the cancer that develops in brain can become a cause of paralysis attack. Brain tumor cells grow at a rapid pace and quickly spread from one area of the brain and spinal cord to another. On the basis of growth and growing back after treatment, blood tumor cells are ranked from 1 to 4.Cells from 1 to 2 are considered benign and 3 to 4 are considered malignant. Most common symptoms of brain tumor include headaches, nausea, vomiting, fits, speech problems, memory loss and paralysis on one side of the body. In order to remove cancerous area, surgery is performed. This surgery is usually followed by chemotherapy and radio therapy sessions.
4. Multiple Sclerosis
Multiple Sclerosis takes place due to some defect in immune system. Due to the defect, the immune system starts affecting a healthy body organ. If brain and spinal cord get affected by multiple sclerosis, paralysis can take place. The protective layer that protects the nerves is known as myelin sheath. Multiple sclerosis can damage this protective layer and ultimately affect nerves. Due to nerve damage, message transmission cannot take place easily.
The person going through multiple sclerosis can show symptoms of fatigue, vision issues, muscle spasms, difficulty in balancing and difficulty in thought processing. Treatments for multiple sclerosis are still being researched. Its patients are usually given steroid medications.
3. Spinal Cord Injury
The main function that spinal cord performs is the transfer of signals from brain to body, and back to brain. If the area around neck or spine faces injury, the spinal cord can also be affected. Transmission of muscles between brain and body may take place, resulting in paralysis. The intensity of paralysis caused by spinal cord injury depends on the area of injury. The higher the injury on spine, the greater is the intensity of paralysis.
A severe neck injury can lead to quadriplegia which is the paralysis that occurs in all limbs. Spinal cord injury can occur due to a variety of reasons.The most common causes leading to spinal cord injury are traffic accidents, work accidents, accidents that occur during physical activity, falls or any spinal cord disease. The probability of paralysis attack caused by spinal cord injury is far greater in young adults than older people.
2. Head Injury
Head Injuries require prompt medical treatment as they can lead to serious brain damage and ultimately paralysis attack. Head injuries can lead to short lived unconsciousness and concussions. Head injuries cause seizures. The person affected by head injury is unable to carry out conversations in a normal manner or speak properly. He or she may have difficulty in staying up. Continuous vomiting and fluids coming out of ears or nose occur in case of serious head injury.
Difficulty in muscle coordination, hearing and memory loss can also occur as a result of head injury. Head injuries require immediate hospital treatment. Treatments can include observing the patient for any changes in condition, running a variety of tests to confirm any further damage and brain surgery in extreme conditions.
1. Stroke (main Cause for Paralysis Attack)
Stroke is a serious medical condition caused by cut off of supply of blood to any portion of brain. Blood is responsible for providing nutrients to all of the brain cells. If this blood supply is interrupted, that portion of the brain is unable to function properly as blood cells of that portion start dying. The person affected by this condition may not be able to use his or her facial muscles with ease. The affected may not be able to lift both the arms at a time and keep them lifted due to extreme weakness in muscles.
The affected person may not be able to talk properly. Their words are often not clear enough to be heard easily. In simpler words, the person falls prey to paralysis. In order to bring strokes to a halt, medicines that decrease blood pressure and cholesterol, and remove blood clot are used.